Historical Significance The predecessor to Wiley Hall (located on the Emory & Henry College campus) was called "The College" and served as a hospital for black Union soldiers, all members of the segregated 5th United States Cavalry, who were…

Historical Significance The Tavern, the oldest of Abingdon's historic buildings and one of the oldest buildings west of the Blue Ridge, was built in 1779 as a tavern and overnight inn for stage coach travelers. From 1858 to 1965, the Tavern remained…

Historical Significance Enslaved labor was essential to the functioning of Shirley Plantation. African Americans tended the fields, harvested the crops, maintained the house, cooked the meals, and provided the majority of skilled labor, including…

Historical Significance During the second Battle of Bull Run, the Robinson House served as a shelter and hospital for wounded Union soldiers. The house belonged to James Robinson, an African American born free in 1799, who became a prosperous farmer…

Historical Significance Fourteen African-American soldiers received the Medal of Honor for heroic conduct at the Battle of New Market Heights, which occurred on September 29, 1864 as part of a major assault against Richmond's defenses. This number…

Historical Significance The original building of the Richmond Almshouse was erected in 1860-61 as a place of refuge for indigent whites. During the Civil War, the house was converted into a hospital and later served as temporary quarters for the…

Historical Significance Poplar Lawn was originally purchased in the 1840's by the city of Petersburg for use as a public park. During the Civil War, the site was used as a hospital for black soldiers and a retention camp for black prisoners after…

Historical Significance At this site on June 30, 1864, black Union soldiers displayed exceptional bravery when they engaged in combat against Confederate troops. Originally, blacks served in both armies as laborers and servants, unable to…

Historical Significance On June 15, 1864, a division of the U.S. Colored Troops in the XVIII Corps helped capture and secure a section of the Dimmock Line in Petersburg. The other USCT division at Petersburg was with the IX Corps and fought in the…