Historical Significance After the Bureau for Colored Troops was established in May 1863, African-American troops began training for front line duty in the Civil War at camps around Alexandria. Although there were already several hospitals for white…

Historical Significance In May 1863, the U.S. government established the Freedman's Village across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., to help address the needs of the growing number of individuals who had escaped slavery in the south during…

Historical Significance One of the nation's largest slave trading firms, Franklin & Armfield operated from this townhouse on Duke Street from 1828-1836. Enslaved African Americans awaiting shipment to slave markets in New Orleans and Natchez…

Historical Significance Thousands of "contrabands" - Southern slaves liberated by Union forces during the Civil War - helped build the necklace of 68 earthen forts and 93 batteries known as the Defenses of Washington, of which Fort Ward was one of…

Fort Monroe is located at Old Point Comfort (now Hampton, Virginia), where two British privateer ships carrying the first "20-odd" Angolan Africans to Virginia entered the colony in August 1619. The Portuguese, who were waging war in Africa,…

Historical Significance The health of the destitute "contrabands" - southern slaves liberated by Union forces during the Civil War - who poured into Alexandria starting in 1861 was precarious. By 1864 at least 1,200 individuals had died, taxing the…

Historical Significance Founded during the Civil War, the Berg Neighborhood got its name from enslaved blacks who fled Petersburg and settled in northeast Alexandria after Union troops occupied the city in May 1861. It was one of the first black…

Historical Significance African American soldiers who served in the 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War (portrayed in the movie "Glory") are buried in Arlington National Cemetery in and around Section 27. More than…

Historical Significance More than 229 black Civil War soldiers are buried in Alexandria National Cemetery. Originally named Soldiers' Cemetery, the graveyard is one of several national cemeteries built in 1862 to accommodate the war dead.…