Historical Significance The town of Smithfield, first colonized in 1634, is located on the Pagan River near Jamestown. Known to the Nottoway people as "Warascoyack" or Warrosquoyacke", meaning "point of land", the area was renamed "Isle of Wight…

Historical Significance Virginia State University was the first state-supported African American college in America. Virginia State University was charted in 1882 as the "Virginia Normal and Collegiate Institute" to fulfill a pledge to the…

Historical Significance The present elementary school building stands on the site of the Gloucester Training School, established in 1921 through the efforts of Thomas Calhoun Walker (1862-1953) and others as the first free public secondary school…

Historical Significance The efforts of African American students at Robert Russa Moton High School in Prince Edward County to achieve equal educational opportunities led to the end of legal segregation in the public schools of America. Built to…

Historical Significance Built in 1921, Scrabble School's two-room schoolhouse is one of more than 5,000 African-American schools built across the South with the help of Sears Roebuck co-founder Julius Rosenwald, intended to replace sub-standard…

Historical Significance The Robert Robinson Library was the first public library built exclusively for African Americans in Alexandria. It was built in 1940 as a way of forestalling integration of the existing library on Queen Street, built just…

Historical Significance Peabody Colored High School, built in 1874, was the first public school for blacks in Virginia and one of the oldest black public high schools in the South. Between 1870 and 1874, classes were taught out of a black church…

Historical Significance Our Lady Queen of Peace is a Catholic parish that was organized by a small group of African Americans in 1945, around the end of World War II. In the early 1940s, Black Catholics petitioned the Richmond Diocese for permission…

Historical Significance Norview High School was one of the six schools in Norfolk attended by members of the "Norfolk 17" in 1958. In the face of the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision, 151 African American students applied to transfer…

Historical Significance The Nansemond County Training School was constructed in 1924 at a cost of $18,000. The local African-American community provided $5,000, $11,500 was provided through public funding, and the remaining $1,500 was provided by…