Historical Significance Using dendrochronology, the wood used in the construction of the Thomas Slave Chapel was dated to the postbellum era, around 1876. The chapel was built to provide a place of worship for formerly enslaved African Americans. It…

Historical Significance The Third Street Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church is one of Virginia's few surviving churches erected before the Civil War. The Virginia Conference of the African Methodist Episcopal Church was formed at the Third…

Historical Significance After Nat Turner's rebellion in 1831, Virginia passed laws to prevent the religious gatherings of enslaved and free blacks without the supervision of white persons. In 1841, under the control of their white patrons, a group…

Historical Significance Originally located on Perry Street, St. Stephens Episcopal Church was organized in 1868 with a black vestry and a black rector, Reverend J. S. Atwell. It was an outgrowth of Major Giles B. Cooke's Sunday School for Blacks in…

Historical Significance The St. Paul African Methodist Episcopal Church was organized in 1867 and was one of the first 50 AME congregations chartered in this country. The building was constructed in stages, with services held in the basement until…

Historical Significance The Reverend John Jasper founded Sixth Mount Zion Baptist Church in 1867. Typical of the desperate conditions for many African-Americans in Richmond immediately after the Civil War, Sixth Mount Zion was originally organized…

Historical Significance Built in 1885, the Schaffer Memorial Baptist Church shared its grounds with the Old Christiansburg Industrial Institute (now known as Christiansburg Institute). The church began informally two decades earlier in 1866 when…

Historical Significance Davis Chapel, now Roberts Memorial United Church, provided a safe haven for free and enslaved blacks during a period of growing racial tension in the predominantly white Methodist Episcopal church. The spiritual home of many…

Historical Significance Our Lady Queen of Peace is a Catholic parish that was organized by a small group of African Americans in 1945, around the end of World War II. In the early 1940s, Black Catholics petitioned the Richmond Diocese for permission…

Historical Significance Initially, African Americans worshiped with white Methodists at Stephens City Methodist Church. By 1858, they had a separate house of worship on Mulberry Street, but remained under the supervision of the local white…