Historical Significance Until the 1960s, "Vinegar Hill" was a large African American neighborhood located in Charlottesville just west of the city's present-day Downtown Mall. The origins of the district's name have become obscured among varying…

Historical Significance The Upper Appomattox Navigation canal system was built between 1795 and 1850, connecting Petersburg with Appomattox valley farms as far away as Farmville (a distance of about 65 miles). It was built and operated mostly by…

Historical Significance After the Civil War, a group of African Americans, Native Americans, and people of mixed heritage founded Thoroughfare Community, now part of Broad Run, Virginia. Community members built houses, and in 1885, constructed the…

Historical Significance In 1910, a Certificate of Incorporation was issued to the Brickhouse Banking Company, whose principal place of business was in the Hare Valley in Northampton County. By law the capital stock of the bank was not to be less…

Historical Significance In 1640, five years after being freed from slavery himself, Anthony Johnson (born in Angola, Africa), acquired a black slave named John Casar (sometimes Casor or Gesorroro). In 1648, Johnson, who had come to the Eastern Shore…

Historical Significance During the second Battle of Bull Run, the Robinson House served as a shelter and hospital for wounded Union soldiers. The house belonged to James Robinson, an African American born free in 1799, who became a prosperous farmer…

Historical Significance The original building of the Richmond Almshouse was erected in 1860-61 as a place of refuge for indigent whites. During the Civil War, the house was converted into a hospital and later served as temporary quarters for the…

Historical Significance All African-American students in Lynchburg attended the Jackson Street High School, founded in 1881. The African-American community petitioned for a new school, and in 1920 the school board agreed to undertake the project.…

Historical Significance On July 16, 1944, Irene Morgan (1917-2007), an African American native of Gloucester County, Virginia, was a passenger on a Greyhound bus traveling from the Old Hayes Store in Gloucester County to Baltimore, Maryland. A short…

Historical Significance By the time Moses Hepburn built the four rental townhouses at 206-212 North Pitt Street, he was one of the wealthiest black residents of Alexandria and a successful land developer and civic leader. Hepburn was born in 1809,…