Historical Significance Dr. Undine Smith Moore (1904-1989), composer, educator, and lecturer, taught piano, organ, and music theory at Virginia State University for 45 years. Some of her former students went on to become some of the most outstanding…

Historical Significance Born enslaved in 1862, Thomas Calhoun Walker became one of the first African Americans to practice law in Gloucester County. Mr. Walker's many achievements are summarized on a marker in front of his home which reads "Here…

Historical Significance Dr. Charles Martin Read came to the United States from Jamaica, British West Indies in 1903. In 1912, Northampton County certified him to practice medicine in Virginia. In 1916, he purchased one acre of land from James and…

Historical Significance In 1937, an African-American woman, Susie Rosa Catherine Byrd (1899-1960), a teacher by profession, worked as a Federal Writer for the Petersburg District of the Negro Federal Writers' Project (WPA) of Virginia. The WPA was a…

Historical Significance Baseball star Spottswood Poles (1887-1962) was born at 530 Fremont Street in Winchester to Matilda and French Poles, a laborer. He once reminisced that "I played baseball since I was six years old, using a broomstick and a…

Historical Significance Smithland was owned by the Smith family, who first settled on the land in the 1760s. The white brick mansion was built by the grandson of the original settler. The Smith family was well known in the community and hosted many…

Historical Significance Robert Orrick was a prominent black citizen of Winchester born into slavery in 1841. Shortly before the Civil War, his owner, Joseph Kean (or Cain) allowed Orrick to establish a livery stable in Winchester, and Orrick…

Historical Significance Dating to 1910, the Pompey Callaway House is located in the historically black section of the town of Elliston. The builder and owner, Pompey Callaway, was born enslaved in Franklin County. It is said that he modeled his home…

Historical Significance In the first half of the 20th century, middle- and working-class blacks lived side-by-side, regardless of socioeconomic status. The New and Byrne Street area of Petersburg was one example of such a neighborhood. The…